Europe's iconic foods - Gloresort

Europe’s iconic foods

Feta cheese from Greece

Greek cheese is a crucial component of Greek cuisine.

Feta is the Greek national cheese, manufactured from the milk of sheep and goats (with a maximum of 30 percent goat milk).

Sheep’s milk adds a buttery flavor to the cheese, while goat’s milk gives it a harder, softer texture.

Creamy and crispy feta cheese is a soft, white, rindless, salty and spicy cheese that is aged for at least 2 months and up to 12 months in brine (salt and water) barrels.

The crumbly texture of feta cheese can be preserved by keeping it under flowing water.

Sheep cheese is higher in fat and protein than goat cheese, and it contains more phosphorus and calcium, as well as vitamins A and C, potassium, iron, phytonutrients, and antioxidants.

Feta cheese can be used in salads, desserts, baked products, casseroles, mezethes, and as table cheese; alternatively, simply cut a piece of feta cheese, drizzle with olive oil, and serve with bread and olives.

Cumin, oregano, thyme, rosemary, and other spices are examples of spices.

Feta cheese marinated in oil with herbs, spices, or lemon peel makes an excellent appetizer or toasted sandwich.

Without the creamy and crispy feta cheese, the typical Greek salad of tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, onions, and olives would be incomplete.


Greek yiros

Yiros is a roast beef that is stacked on an upright rotisserie and slowly rotated while being chopped into fine french fries.

Yiros is derived from the Greek word yiros, which meaning “to turn.”

The Greeks developed a more Greek version of the Turkish kebab, which increased in popularity in Greece and elsewhere throughout the twentieth century.

Yiros wrapped sandwiches were also a popular fast food item in 1970.

The manner the meat is cooked is the key distinction between yiros and souvlaki.

The beef souvlaki is grilled horizontally on skewers that are turned on a grill while the yiros is roasted vertically.

According to legend, the Yiros date from the Hellenistic period, when Alexander the Great’s troops impaled and roasted various species of flesh over a fire with swords.

It is usually served in a greased, lightly grilled flatbread with tomatoes, onions and tzatziki made from yogurt, cucumber, garlic and various spices.

Lamb, beef, hog, or chicken are the most common yiros meats.

Other ingredients can include salad and french fries covered with tzatziki sauce or, in Northern Greece, ketchup or mustard, depending on the preferences of the consumer.

Italian pizza

Pizza is now available all over the world.

Italian pizza is a yeast-based focaccia that is covered with tomato sauce, mozzarella, and other delectable toppings before being cooked in a wood-fired oven.

One of the most distinguishing features of Italian pizza is that Italians have perfected the art of crafting the ideal pizza.

According to legend, Raffaele Esposito, a Neapolitan pizza maker, created modern pizza for the first time on June 11, 1889 in Naples.

In honor of the King’s visit, he constructed the first pizza with tomatoes, mozzarella, and basil, which represents the national colors of the Italian flag (basil for green, mozzarella for white, and tomatoes for red), and dubbed it “Pizza Margherita.” Margherita di Savoia, Queen Consort of Italy, and Umberto.

San Marzano tomatoes produced on the volcanic plains of Vesuvius and high-quality buffalo mozzarella are used to make an authentic Italian Neapolitan pizza (Pizza Napoletana).

In 2009, the European Union designated Neapolitan pizza as a guaranteed traditional dish.

Traditional Italian pasta

Italian cuisine dates from the 4th century BC. C. and has evolved over the centuries with the uses and customs of its people.

Every region of Italy is known for its variety and variety of flavors and styles of cooking.

Traditional Italian pasta comes in a variety of shapes and sizes, including spaghetti, macaroni, penne, fusilli, linguine, tagliatelle, pipette, and others.

An iconic Italian pasta dish made from durum wheat, spaghetti is roughly 20 inches long, thin, and cylindrical.

After returning from one of his trips to China in 1271, Marco Polo introduced rice flour or hard wheat flour noodles to Venice.

Around the eighth century AD, the Arabs introduced durum wheat to Sicily, which then spread to the rest of the continent.

Tomatoes, bell peppers, potatoes, and maize were introduced to Italian cuisine after the discovery of the New World.

Antonio Latini’s cookbook Lo scalco alla moderna made tomato sauce popular (Naples, 1692).

While working as the United States Ambassador to France, Thomas Jefferson found macaroni in Naples and brought it to the United States.

Spaghetti was known as “Spaghetti Italienne” in Italian restaurants in America by the end of the nineteenth century.

Pasta’s popularity grew worldwide as a result of the massive influx of Italian immigrants to North America, Australia, and other parts of the world throughout the twentieth century.

‘Al dente’ (meaning “to the tooth”) pasta is cooked in Italy so that it remains strong when bitten.

Pasta is classified as either dry (pasta secca) or fresh (pasta fresca) (pasta fresca).

Bucatini, cannelloni, fettuccine, gnocchi, linguini, ravioli, rigatoni, tagliatelle, and tortellini are all common pasta dishes.

Spaghetti is usually eaten with tomato sauce, oregano, basil, olive oil, meat or vegetables, and grated hard cheeses like Pecorino Romano or Parmesan.

Pasta sauces differ in flavor, color, and texture depending on where they are made.

In Northern Italy, white sauce is used for meat and vegetables, while in Southern Italy, tomato sauce is used.

Popular spaghetti dishes include:

Spaghetti Bolognese

Spaghetti and Meatballs

Spaghetti Marinara

Spaghetti Carbonara

Puttanesca Spaghetti

Spaghetti Aglio e Olio

English Fish and Chips

Fish and chips from the local fish and chip shop, salted and vinegared and wrapped in newspaper, were a cheap, staple food that became a daily meal among England’s working classes.

In his novel “Oliver Twist,” published in 1839, Charles Dickens referred to fish and chips as “fried fish warehouse.”

Fish and chips, which consisted of fried battered fish and hot chips, were one of the few non-rationed foods available during the First and Second World Wars.

Fish and chips can be traced back to the Portuguese, who invented fried fish, and Jewish immigrants from Portugal and Spain who settled in England in the 17th century brought their cooking methods with them.

Sir Walter Raleigh introduced the potato to England from the New World (the Americas) in the 17th century.

In 1860, Joseph Malin, a Jew, opened the first fish and chip shop in Cleveland Street, London, to the sound of Bow Bells (the sound of St Mary’s bells brought Dick Whittington back to London to become Lord Mayor).

Fish and chips were mixed by Joseph Malin to create a “match made in heaven” – and thus the English national dish of fish and chips was born!

In 1863, a Mr Lees pioneered the idea from a wooden hut at the market in Mossely, Lancashire, near Oldham.

Later, he opened a fish and chip shop across the street with the inscription “This is the first fish and chip shop in the world” inscribed on the glass.

In the 1880s, an Italian immigrant named Giuseppe Cervi stepped off an America-bound ship in Cobh, County Cork, and walked all the way to Dublin.

Using a coal-fired cooker and a hand-cart, he introduced fish and chips outside Dublin pubs.

Later, on Great Brunswick Street, he opened a fish and chip store (now Pearse Street).

“Uno di questa, uno di quella?” his wife Palma would ask customers, “one of this, one of that?”

Hungarian Goulash

Hungarian Goulash dates back to the 9th century, when Hungarian Magyar herders dried meat in the sun, seasoned it, and packed it into bags of sheep’s stomachs to be cooked over an open fire in a pot.

Herdsmen used the Puszta (a large region of plains and wetlands) to move their cattle to Europe’s biggest markets in Moravia, Vienna, Nuremberg, and Venice from the Middle Ages until the 19th century.

The cattle given gulyáshs (goulash meat) to the herdsmen to keep them going on their journey.

Hungarian Goulash is a soup or stew usually made with tender beef and paprika-seasoned onions.

The meat is cut into chunks from cuts such as shank, shin, leg, or flank from veal (meat from calves), pork, or lamb, seasoned with salt, and browned in a kettle with oil or lard with sliced onion.

Vegetables such as potatoes, carrots, onions, celery, peppers, and tomatoes are added depending on the region’s traditional Hungarian Goulash recipe.

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